Male Factor

Male Infertility affects 3 out of every 10 couples seeking fertility treatment. Diagnosis of Male Infertility is simple, and treatment options are just as easy. With our on-site fertility lab a Semen Analysis will have results within 48-72 Hours.

Common Causes of Male Infertility

  • Sperm count (total number of sperm in a sample)
  • Sperm concentration (number of sperm per milliliter of semen)
  • Volume of semen the man produces
  • Sperm Motility (number of sperm with the ability to move)
  • Quality of Movement
  • Sperm Shape
  • Treatment Options for Male Infertility

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

Intrauterine insemination is often an important part of treatment for couples that are infertile due to sperm disorders. IUI involves injecting sperm through a narrow catheter into the woman’s uterus. Typically, artificial insemination is performed with the partner’s sperm; however, donor sperm may also be used. Depending on the sperm count and motility and the estimated time to egg release from the ovarian follicle, a well-timed IUI can be very effective. In a laboratory, the sperm can be separated from the seminal fluid and resuspended in a very small volume of sterile medium that will keep the sperm alive and actively mobile. The insemination is performed by passing a sterile catheter through the cervical canal into the uterine cavity and then injecting the sperm suspension into the uterine cavity. Usually the insemination itself causes little if any discomfort.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

At times, there are not enough normal sperm to fertilize the eggs retrieved during an IVF cycle. Over the past several years, embryologists have developed a technique to catch a single sperm and inject it directly into an egg. Indications for ICSI include men with low concentrations of sperm, men whose sperm have failed to fertilize eggs in previous cycles of IVF, and men with complete absence of sperm (azoospermia) who need the sperm to be retrieved directly from the testicle and then injected into the egg. In a good program with a high quality laboratory, the success rate should not be reduced when ICSI is required.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is a procedure that involves retrieving eggs and sperm from the bodies of a male and female and placing them together in a laboratory dish to enhance fertilization. Fertilized eggs are then transferred several days later into the female’s uterus where implantation and embryo development will hopefully occur as in a normal pregnancy. The IVF process is performed by physicians who specialize in reproductive medicine and have received additional education and training in the evaluation and treatment of male and female infertility. The IVF process was originally developed in the early 1970s to treat infertility caused by blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.

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